IntroductionAppropriate policy and legislation is key to enabling the formation, growth and effectiveness of cooperatives. COPAC and its members have been active in identifying areas which continue to hinder the viability of democratic cooperative organizations and have taken concrete actions to improve the policy and legislative environment for cooperatives.
Below are resources that may assist both cooperatives and policy-makers in ensuring appropriate environments for cooperative development.
|ILO Recommendation 193 on the Promotion of Cooperatives, 2002 Recommendation 193 applies to all types and forms of cooperatives and provides guidanceon cooperative policy framework and the role of governments, implementation of of public policies for the promotion of cooperatives, and the role of employers' and workers' organizations and cooperatives and the relationship between them.||UN Guidelines aimed at creating a supportive environment for the development of cooperatives, 2001 The UN Guidelines annexed to the 2001 Report of the United Nations Secretary-General provide recommendations on policy regarding cooperatives and the cooperative movement including the need for public recognition of cooperatives, appropriate legal, judicial and administrative provisions, research, statistics and information, education on cooperatives, the provision of public funds for support to cooperatives, and the need for institutional arrangements for collaboration and partnership. COPAC played an important in the formulation of the Guidelines.|
for a European Cooperative Sociey 2003 - European Council (EC) Regulation No 1435/2003 This Regulation stablishes a legal statute for a European Cooperative Society (SCE). This statute guarantees equal terms of competition between cooperative societies and capital companies. It contributes to the development of the cross-border activities of cooperative societies. permits the creation of a cooperative by persons
residing in different European Union Member States or by legal
entities established in different EU Member States.
Sectoral Policy Documents
Model Law for Credit Unions
Guide to International Credit Union Legislation, 2005
Model Regulations for Credit Unions Source: World Council of Credit Unions (WOCCU)
|ILO NATLEX A database of national labour, social security and related human rights legislation maintained by the International Labour Standards Department of the International Labour Organization (ILO) which includes reference and full texts of cooperative law.||FAOLEXThe Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) makes available laws and regulations on topics falling within FAO's mandate - agriculture, cultivated plants, environment, fisheries, food, forestry, land and soil, livestock, water and wild species and ecosystems. It includes national and sector specifc cooperative law.|
|ICA Americas: Legislación Cooperativa en las Américas The Regional Office of the International Co-operative Alliance, ICA Americas, has also made available cooperative legislation in countries wehre it counts members.|